Mānoa Heritage Center



Native Plants

Native Indigenous – arrived before people, found here and elsewhere.

These plants arrived naturally through Wind, Waves, or Wings. They established themselves in their new home.

Native Endemic – arrived before people, found only in Hawaiʻi.

These plants evolved over hundreds of years with their ecosystem to live in balance with surrounding organisms. They began as Native Indigenous species and after hundreds of years, morphed into itsʻ own unique sub-species, shaped by their environment. In adapting to their ecosystem, they learned to live harmoniously with their surrounding. A natural check-and-balance system is developed where diversity can thrive and each species has just enough resources.

Additional Resources

  1. References